In 1931 and 1935, respectively, James Whale, classical Hollywood’s most openly gay filmmaker, directed Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein, the two most famous, admired, imitated, and parodied films based upon elements of Mary Shelley’s landmark 1818 novel. Indeed, many people have a sense of Frankenstein from these films more than Shelley’s […]

Ring roads, subways, telco networks, power plants, and waterworks are where ruling ideologies are made concrete. Values, both conscious and unconscious, are embodied, on display, and at work. Works of speculative fiction frequently place these objects and systems of infrastructure front and center as the techno-scientific […]